Every March 8 in the world, International Women’s Day is commemorated. In 1977 the General Assembly of the UN officially proclaimed March 8 the International Day for the Rights of Women and International Peace. This day is celebrated highlighting the struggle of those women who through history come together and are part of groups that work for equality, and labor rights, professional, personal and academic.
At Saona Dreams we celebrate International Women’s Day and we want all the women of the world to live with equal opportunities and rights.
There is still a lot to do and a long way to go, but every day progress is made towards equality and respect for girls and women, being a very present issue at the global level.
Women in the Dominican Republic have had and have a very important role in society. There are some of them that have stood out throughout history and we are going to name them in their honor and in representation of all the girls and women of the world:
- María Trinidad Sánchez: Brave woman considered a National Hero for her participation in the National Independence. She joined La Trinitaria movement, despite being a woman and being a role then considered for men. Together with Concepción Bona he made the first Dominican flag. A year after the National Independence was shot, becoming the first political crime in the Dominican Republic.
- Rosa Duarte: Member and active collaborator of the secret society ‘La Trinitaria’, had an outstanding and important participation in the preparations for the proclamation of the republic on February 27, 1844. She contributed to the liberating cause by supporting the activities of the Trinitarians and of the La Filantrópica society. Together with her friends, she participated in theatrical works, from which the independence cause was created. Together with her sister Francisca, she made a Dominican flag on silk, which they sent to the City Council of Santo Domingo. He died in Venezuela, expatriate from the Dominican Republic.
- Juana Trinidad (Saltitopa): Military woman and activist. Outstanding for her participation in the Battle of March 30, in Santiago, where she served as “aguadora” carrying water for the needs of Dominican troops and freshening the cannons. She also worked as a nurse, encouraging Dominican fighters. His attitude of courage and bravery earned him the nickname “La Coronela”. She was killed in combat on her way to Santiago around 1860.
- Salome Ureña de Henríquez: Great Dominican Poetissa who edited the textbooks used by secondary students during several decades in the 20th century. In 1881, she founded the first higher feminine education center: The Señoritas Institute. Six years after its founding, the first six teachers graduated in the Dominican Republic.
- Ercilia Pepín: from a very early age the vocation of being a teacher is awakened in her. At age 14, in 1900, she began to teach and for 20 years she was appointed director of the School of Girls of the Marilópez neighborhood. Two years later she assumed the responsibility as a teacher of Mathematics, Physical and Natural Sciences at the Escuela Superior de Señoritas. Ercilia Pepin, just 25 years old, had become a teacher, a civic leader of Santiago. She started the feminist movement in the country raising her voice in defense of women’s rights.
- Trina Moya de Vásquez: Illustrious woman of refined talent, was Poetisa and excelled as first lady for her humility and simplicity. The distinguished lady was the author of the Hymn to Mothers. Every year the Mothers are celebrated with this hymn, which has inspired renowned national artists.
- María África Grace of Santos Silas (María Montés): She is the first Dominican actress to arrive in Hollywood where she won the big screen with her impressive and exorbitant Caribbean beauty.
- The Mirabal sisters (The butterflies): Patria Mercedes, Minerva and María Teresa Mirabal, three heroic women activists who had the courage to fight against the dictatorship of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, for the “Political Freedom of their Country”, becoming part of the opposition to the Trujillo regime. For their participation in the revolutionary movement, they were murdered by Trujillo on November 25, 1960. In honor of them, that day is celebrated as “The International Day of Non-Violence Against Women.”
- Carmen Josefina Lora Iglesias (Piky): From a young age she had a patriotic vocation and a constant struggle for public liberties, human dignity, women’s rights and sovereignty. He participated in the guerrilla war of June 14, 1963, against the coup d’état against the Constitutional Government of Juan Boch. As an attorney specializing in land matters and Director of the National Cadastre, she took the file against those accused of appropriating land in Bahía de las Águilas.
- Florinda Soriano Muñoz (Mama Tingo): Example of the rural woman who fought for the right of the peasants to have and till their land. She was murdered in 1974 at the age of 53.
- Aniana Ondina Vargas Jaques: she was an extraordinary woman who always combined political struggles with her defense of the environment and natural resources. In 2009 the ecotourism natural reserve of Bonao-Cotuí was decreed by the Ministry of the Environment as a national park, which bears its name: Anianas Vargas National Park, for being the Sentinel of waters.
They and many more women have made history and others continue making history every day, even if it is only their closest or most private environment, but all women deserve to be celebrated every day for their great contribution to the world.
Thanks to each and every one woman.